Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act governs income tax audits

Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act governs income tax audits

The regulations for a tax audit of a firm or corporation are laid out in Section 44AB of the Income-tax Act of 1961. The purpose of a tax audit is to check that the taxpayer has supplied correct and comprehensive information about his earnings, deductions, and taxes. A Chartered Accountant will be in charge of this. The entity must have accurate accounting records that will be audited by a Chartered Accountant. The books of accounts must adhere to the Income Tax Act of 1961’s laws and regulations.

Also Read: Income Tax Planning

What is Section 44AB of Income Tax Act, 1961?

Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act of 1961 contains provisions relating to tax audit. This section outlines the requirements for the taxpayer to keep proper books of accounts and other financial documents. This aids in the taxpayer’s entire information regarding tax, income, and deductions. This section aids in the elimination of unethical behavior. A practicing chartered accountant conducts the audit. The audit report is reported to the income tax department along with the income tax return.

What is a Section 44AB Income Tax Audit?

A Tax Audit is the examination and evaluation of the books of accounts of a company or profession. The purpose of a tax audit is to examine the organization’s income, expenses, deductions, and taxes. It simplifies the procedure of filing tax returns.

Who is subject to a tax audit under Section 44AB?

Except for individuals who elected for presumptive taxation under section 44AD, 44ADA, 44AE of the Revenue Tax Act 1961 or if their turnover falls below specific threshold limits, every person who makes income through any business or profession is required to keep books of accounts and undergo a tax audit. The following taxpayers require a tax audit:

The following taxpayers require a tax audit:

  • Provide if,  a) the total amount received in cash during the preceding year, including sums received for sales, turnover, or gross revenues, does not exceed 5% of the total amount; and

b) The sum of all cash payments made during the preceding year, including amounts expended for spending, does not exceed 5% of the payment: Instead of 1 crore, the threshold limit would be 10 crores.

  • An individual who earned more than Rs. 50 lakh in the previous year as a result of their profession.
  • Any assessee who has chosen sections 44ADA and 44AD but claims income that is less than the profits estimated under presumptive taxation and income that exceeds the amount taxed under the Income Tax Act.
  • Any assessee who has chosen sections 44AE, 44BB, or 44BBB but claims a smaller income than the profits computed under those sections in a previous year.

What are the goals of an audit of your income tax returns?

The following are the main goals of a tax audit:

  • Maintenance of books of account in a proper manner, free of fraud, and certification of the same by an auditor.
  • For the purpose of reporting discrepancies discovered during a thorough review of the books of accounts.
  • For the purpose of reporting various information such as tax depreciation, income tax law compliance, and so on.
  • With auditing, calculating taxes and deductions becomes simple.
  • The primary responsibility is to verify the accuracy of the information contained in the taxpayer’s income tax return, including income, tax, and deductions.

The amount of time it takes to receive a tax audit report.

As a tax auditor, a chartered accountant with his login information can provide a tax audit report. The taxpayer must review his chartered accountant’s information on his login site and accept the audit report that his auditor has posted. 

The deadline for all taxpayers is September 30th of the assessment year. The due deadline for an overseas transaction is the 31st of October of the assessment year.